If you take the term airbrush rather broadly, then the history of airbrush art begins very early. Archaeological research indicates that the beginning of the airbrush technique can actually be found in the Stone Age. Traces found in caves suggest that cave dwellers already sprayed coloured liquids like juices with their mouths on the walls in the Stone Age.
The first really technically mature airbrush gun was then developed towards the end of the 19th century by Francis Edgar Stanley. For the first time ever, it was possible to apply paint over large areas using airbrush technology in model making and the automotive industry.
From the 1960s onwards, airbrush art established itself in a wider range of applications and art forms.